É bom que se frise que a proposta de Reforma Fiscal e Tributária, em trâmite no Congresso Americano, liderada pela maioria dos congressistas (republicanos), não somente pretende impor uma sobretaxa de 20% sobre as importações, mas também diminuir as barreiras do fluxo de capitais de empresas americanas com subsidiárias (filiais) no exterior, facilitando seu repatriamento. A ideia é aumentar a arrecadação (receita) do Governo, sem aumentar impostos.
Throughout 2016, many countries around the world keep on competing for market share in high-wage, innovation-based industries. Indeed, these countries have turned to “innovation mercantilism” by imposing protectionist policies to expand domestic production and exports of high-tech goods and services.
In this setting, innovation mercantilist policies are being oriented to high-value tech sectors such as life sciences, renewable energy, computers and electronics, and Internet services. There are new “beggar-thy-neighbor” strategies adopted by nation-states, such as forcing companies to transfer the rights to their technology or forcing them to relocate their production, research and development (R&D), or data-storage activities. These strategies aim at both replacing imports with domestic production or promoting exports.
At this respect, the 2016 Information Technology and Innovation Foundation annual report shows that:
- China introduced a new cybersecurity law so as to impose local data-storage requirements, and forced intellectual property and source code disclosures. This country also introduced…
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